Fragments are sentences that are incomplete and therefore cannot stand on their own. Every sentence must contain at least one independent clause, which by definition has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Students often associate fragments with being short, but this is not always the case. Some complete sentences can be extremely short while some fragments can be very long without ever expressing a complete thought. The SAT and ACT both like to test students on long fragments, since these fragments are more easily mistaken for complete sentences. Continue reading

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